[6], A molecular phylogenetic study in 2015 confirmed previous studies showing that species placed in Saintpaulia were deeply embedded within the genus Streptocarpus,[7] supporting the transfer of all Saintpaulia species to Streptocarpus in 2012. The African Violet Society of America is the International Cultivar Registration Authority for the section and its cultivars. Plants can be classified as one of several sizes based on its above-ground diameter. Most Saintpaulia species are very easy to grow and good bloomers, Most are very tolerant of neglect, even needing less light than hybrids to grow and bloom. Otherwise, just keep them warm and mist around them (keep the leaves dry). Streptocarpus sect. $7.99 $ 7. The section was previously treated as a separate genus, Saintpaulia, but molecular phylogenetic studies showed that it was nested within the genus Streptocarpus. This is thought to be because rapid leaf cooling causes cell vacuole collapse in the palisade mesophyll cells. [7][9], Formerly recognized Saintpaulia species and infraspecies are listed below with their accepted name in Streptocarpus.[9]. vol. - African Journal of Ecology 44 (2): 219-227. African violet, (genus Saintpaulia), any of the six species of flowering plants in the genus Saintpaulia (family Gesneriaceae). African Violet comes in hundreds of varieties to choose from. Smithsonian World Checklist of the Gesneriaceae. Click to see full answer. Variety Number - Search for Optimara Violets by variety number. The many violet plant varieties guarantee there is a swe… They do need the other three months off as a rest period. 119(4):727–734. The genus was named for Saint Paul-Illaire and his father. The conservation status of Streptocarpus ionanthus has been classed as near-threatened. Wild species can have violet, purple, pale blue, or white flowers.[2]. Deadhead African violets to encourage more blooms. Usually single crown. © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. Violets grow in part or full shade, but most are natives of deciduous forests and bloom best with at least some sun during the flowering season. Do I need to blanch purple hull peas before freezing? In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the African Violet Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Unless you live in semi-tropical to tropical climates, don't put your African violets outside or near drafty windows. The plants get their common name "African violet" from their superficial resemblance to true violets (Viola, family Violaceae). The Primary African Violet, Saintpaulia Ionantha As of 2009, there were nine species, eight subspecies, and two varieties of Saintpaulias established. Orchid ⊕ 21. The same goes for a totally unrelated plant: the African violet. Following studies which showed most of the species to be very poorly differentiated, both genetically and morphologically, the number of species was reduced to six in a 2006 treatment, with the majority of former species reduced to subspecies under S. What kind of pots do African violets like. Kolehmainen, J., and Mutikainen, P. 2006: Reproductive ecology of three species of the endangered African violet (Saintpaulia) in the East Usambara Mts., Tanzania. CRC handbook of flowering. Violet flowers and leaves are edible with the leaves having a high level of vitamins A and C. They can be used in salads or cooked as greens. Wild species can have violet, purple, pale blue, or white flowers. They are small and compact which makes them perfect as potted houseplants. Species and cultivars are commonly called African violets (although they are not closely related to true violets) or saintpaulias. Place them throughout the house to enjoy their colors and velvety texture throughout the year. Although the size per category is not set in stone, these are a general guideline. They'll instantly add color to any room. Violas are tougher than pansies, more tolerant of both heat and cold. Saintpaulias, which grow from 6–15 cm tall, can be anywhere from 6–30 cm wide. Large African violet plants when fully mature range from 16 inches (40cm) or larger in diameter across a single crown. The leaves will rot if they become too chilled. How do you find copper pipes behind drywall? Never let growing African violets stand in water or completely dry out. They are considered as tropical plants. It has clusters of velvety 5-petalled flowers in shades of violet, purple, pale blue, or white. The colorful blooms of African violets are extra special. Common blue and wooly blue violets can have a purple, blue, or violet color, while confederate violets have white petals that are tinged with violet on the inside. Seed sown from this species will produce true as this is not a hybrid. Saintpaulia (African violets) and Erythronium dens-canis (dogtooth violet) are not closely related to the true violas. Many Modern African Violets are a result of the hybridization of two species. There is a concentration of species in the Nguru mountains of Tanzania. SCI. Flowers are borne in single or double clusters, can have five or more petals, may be ruffled around the edges of the petals, and come in different shades and color combinations. These cheery plants probably won't cause serious illness, but they are mildly poisonous to animals. The leaves are rounded to oval, 2.5–8.5 cm long with a 2–10 cm petiole, finely hairy, and have a fleshy texture. The section was initially regarded as a separate genus. This plant bears rounded to oval foliage with a fleshy texture. 2018. & Mutikainen, P. 2007: Population stage structure, survival and recruitment in the endangered East African forest herb Saintpaulia. I never thought I would because I thought they were, rather, well...plain. Miracle-Gro® Indoor Potting Mix is specially formulated to provide indoor plants like African violets with just the right growing environment. Saintpaulias, which grow from 6–15 cm tall, can be anywhere from 6–30 cm wide. They really prefer temperatures 72 degrees or higher and humidity. Leaves can be oval to heart-shaped with smooth or ruffled margins. African violets make useful flowering houseplants since they can bloom for up to nine months per year. Native to higher elevations in tropical eastern Africa, African violets are widely grown horticulturally, especially S. ionantha. Violets are blue, And, in the gardening world they use the word blue for any flower that is in the color range of blue and purple. Despite the name, African violets are not true violets, nor are they related to them. Products (Total Items: 34 ) Sort by: More results: 1 2 Next Page View All. [3] Two British plant enthusiasts, Sir John Kirk and the Reverend W.E. $9.99 On sale $8.99 Out of Stock African Violet Saintpaulia diplotrica wild species 2 leaves (0) Sale. Velutina, grotei, pendula, nitida, occidentalis, grandifolia, orbicularis, and rupicola are known subspecies of … Large. [5] In 2009, 9 species, 8 subspecies, and 2 varieties were recognized. Light green, elliptical, very thin, long flexible petiole. Individual flower clusters may last three to six weeks under good conditions. In order to effectively reproduce more African violets for your home, garden, or for sale, you must take a leaf from the plant. Leaves and stems are very pubescent. What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? Typically the African violet is a common household indoor plant but can also be an outdoor plant. They are commonly used as indoor houseplants, but can also be kept as outdoor plants in certain climates. Verzeichnis eponymischer Pflanzennamen. [7], All the species previously placed in the genus Saintpaulia are now placed in Streptocarpus section Saintpaulia. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. There are around 400 types of violet plants in the genus Viola. African Violet Species. Get it as soon as Fri, Jan 8. Leaves can be oval to heart-shaped with smooth or ruffled margins. Burtt expanded the genus to approximately 20 species. 50pcs Violet Seeds African Violet Plants Seeds Indoor Balcony Flowers Plant for Home Garden Easy to Plant Flower Plant Flower Plants Seeds. [12], African violets are commonly propagated asexually. Flowers are borne in single or double clusters, can have five or more petals, may be ruffled around the edges of the petals, and come in different shades and color combinations. Similarly, how do I identify African violets? In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. The flowers are 2–3 cm in diameter, with a five-lobed velvety corolla ("petals"), and grow in clusters of 3–10 or more on slender stalks called peduncles. These are the species that can be found growing in their native habitat in Africa, and from which all of our "modern" hybrids are distantly related. Viola odorata is used as a source for scents in the perfume industry. The leaves are rounded to oval, 2.5–8.5 cm long with a 2–10 cm petiole, finely hairy, and have a fleshy texture. Addendum to February, 2019, MAAVS Memo African Violet Species Identification Guide 7 The flowers can be made into jellies, candied, or tossed into a salad. African Violet Plants (Saintpaulia) are perennial flowers that are native to eastern Africa. Wild Violet Signs and Symptoms The springtime flowers are usually violet in color, but can range from deep blue all the way to white. What is the difference between violets and violas? Typically the African violet is a common household indoor plant but can also be an outdoor plant. African Violet Kingdom. Identify African Violet Varieties The Optimara Field Guide allows you to find and identify Optimara and Rhapsodie Violets using a number of search criteria. African Violet (Saintpaulia ionantha.) Our native violets are indigenous to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere and may bloom from spring well into summer, depending upon the species. [15][16], African violets have long been associated with mothers and motherhood. Can we overload or override method which have different return type with same name and signature? African violets are also associated with Easter and Valentine's Day. Bicolored flowers and those with contrasting borders are … A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Burkhardt, Lotte. [4], Revisions of the genus by B.L. [10][11], Saintpaulias are highly sensitive to temperature changes, especially rapid leaf cooling. $3.75 On sale $3.50 In Stock African Violet Saintpaulia confusa Mather set of 2 leaves (0) Sale. African violets are from the plant family Gesneriaceae while the true violets (Viola) are from Violaceae. Sweet violets, also called Viola odorata, are known for their scent. Saintpaulia species (B. Burtt - 1958) Single blue-violet, one or more per peduncle, floriferous. As most are endangered, some can only be found in the collections of hobbyists. What is the frequency range of gamma rays? Don't take a violet (or succulent) in a 3-inch pot up to 10 inches in one repotting. Also, how many varieties of violets are there? A wider range of species is now being looked at as sources of genes to introduce into modern cultivars. African Violets are one of the smaller groups in the Old World Gesneriaceae, but also one of the best known because of their extensive use as house plants. Considering this, is an African violet an annual or perennial? S. kewensis). Most of them prefer to grow in well-drained soil, and they prefer light that is filtered a bit, which means that they prefer the shade of growing indoors instead of growing in the sun. Kolehmainen, J. Taylor, had earlier collected and submitted specimens to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in 1884 and 1887 respectively, but the quality of specimens was insufficient to permit scientific description at that time. This species is where hybrids get most of their genetics, and makes up most of the “standard” sized African violets available today. [14], section of a genus of flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae, MacDonald, Elvin "The World Book of House Plants" Popular Books. Gardeners often use pansies (Viola x wittrockiana) as bedding plants in flower beds, but if you have dogs or cats, you may want to limit their use to hanging or elevated pots and baskets. Saintpaulia, commonly known as African violet, is a genus of 6–20 species of herbaceous perennial flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae, native to Tanzania and adjacent southeastern Kenya in eastern tropical Africa. What is internal and external criticism of historical sources? Known for their striking resemblance to violets, African Violets have become a household favorite due to their resilience and easiness to grow. They are typically found at mid-altitudes in mountainous areas, and these species and their descendants are … The official description from the African Violet Society database is as follows: "S. ionantha (S 5) 1893 (H. Wendland) Single blue-violet, 4-5 per peduncle, very floriferous. The number of species expanded to 20 at one time but has now been reduced to approximately 6. African Violet species Saintpaulia grotei Silvert clone 2 leaves (0) Sale. Modeling Inflorescence Development of the African Violet (Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl.). African violets (Saintpaulia species) are excellent indoor flowering plants. They're known to bloom continuously, even throughout the darker months of winter. Rank: 100 (Overall) Calla Lily ⊕ 350 (Thyme) ADD ⊕ Importance of African Violet. The leaves are saucer-shaped and velvety, borne in short stems (3-4 … Until recently, only a few of these species have been used in breeding programs for the hybrids available in the market; most available as house plants are cultivars derived from Streptocarpus ionanthus (syn. Violets. Saintpaulias are native to eastern tropical Africa. There are between 400 and 500 species of violets, which span dozens of countries across the world. Oct 25, 2017 - My African Violet Saintpaulias, commonly known as African violets, are a genus of 6–20 species of herbaceous perennial flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae, native to Tanzania and adjacent southeastern Kenya in eastern tropical Africa. I love these shallow clay pots, but many plant roots need more depth. [13] African violets are one of the most beautiful ornamental plants. Leaves and stems are very pubescent. 1994. Plants can be divided into smaller daughter plants or even grown from leaf cuttings. They are winter flowers that grow well indoors. Are the African violet hybrids today just hybrids of the species Saintpaulia ionantha or have other species been used to add to the modern day hybrids? Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned grower, African Violets are a joy to work with and look at. CARING FOR YOUR AFRICAN VIOLET 3. African violets are one of the most well-known members of the Gesneriad family even though it contains over 3400 hundred species of plants. Violet is known to have a 'flirty' scent as its fragrance comes and goes. The original "wild" African violets. 8.10 Number of Species. African Violet (Saintpaulia) plants are a popular species of houseplant, native to East Africa. 99. Saintpaulia ionantha is a natural species Saintpaulia. Several of the species and subspecies of the section are endangered, and many more are threatened, as their native cloud forest habitats are cleared for agriculture. Saintpaulia species are the African violets that all modern hybrids trace the ancestry to. When removing spent blooms, also remove dead or dying foliage. Violets that are exotic, original, unusual or antique. ionantha. Palisade Cells Induced by a Rapid Temperature Decrease", "Cultural Guidelines for Commercial Production of African Violets (Saintpaulia ionantha)", African Violet Society of America website, African Violet in Romania - Pasionata de violete africane, Gesneriad Reference Web Saintpaulia article, Baby Violets - African Violet Houseplants, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Streptocarpus_sect._Saintpaulia&oldid=987829878, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from March 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 14:04. Saintpaulia is a section within Streptocarpus subgenus Streptocarpella[1] consisting of about ten species of herbaceous perennial flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae, native to Tanzania and adjacent southeastern Kenya in eastern tropical Africa. Baron Walter von Saint Paul-Illaire (1860–1940) was the district commissioner of Tanga province when he discovered the plant in Tanganyika (now Tanzania) in Africa in 1892 and sent seeds back to his father, an amateur botanist in Germany. In: A. Halevy (ed.). Violets do best with crowded roots and need good drainage, just like succulents. Are they hybrids between the same species or of different species? Answer: Many of the current hybrids originated from crosses made with Saintpaulia ionantha and with S. confusa (now considered to be a subspecies of S. ionantha). Saintpaulias are widely cultivated as house plants. Spilling cold water on African violet leaves causes discoloration. Basic Care of African Violets: Light. The genus Saintpaulia, and original species S. ionantha, were scientifically described by H. Wendland in 1893. Species African Violets Home :: Vintage ... SAINTPAULIA IN THE WILD ~ I first became interested in wild (species) violets when I received S. rupicola as a gift from a local violet club. SOC. Pot Size - Search for Optimara Violets by pot size. African Violet Saintpaulia diplotrica wild species (0) Sale. This method of propagation is very rare among flowers and is one of the more unique aspects of growing this particular flower. ¿Cuáles son los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960? Below are some tips on how to grow them best. This is a list of species in the plant genus Viola, often known as violets or pansies.. Viola is the largest genus in the family Violaceae, containing between 525 and 600 species.. Streptocarpus sect. It prefers constant temperatures, require bright light, but no direct sunlight. [14], The African violet is a day-neutral plant regarding flower development. Saintpaulia ionantha, Stromme E, 1985, p. 48–49. For this reason they have been a traditional gift to mothers in many cultures around the world. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla. International Cultivar Registration Authority, "The Great Merger – Current Taxonomic Status | Gesneriad Reference Web", "On African violets and Cape primroses—towards a monophyletic, "Sudden Collapse of Vacuoles in Saintpaulia sp. Should African violets be watered from the bottom? The flowers are 2–3 cm in diameter, with a five-lobed velvety corolla ("petals"), and grow in clusters of 3–10 or more on slender stalks called peduncles. To begin, make a selection from the list below. What you need to know is that the vast majority of African violets are derived from Saintpaulia ionantha. Many can still be found growing on the hillsides in east Africa. The Common Blue Violet, Viola sororia, is the state flower of 3 states in the USA: Rhode Island, Illinois, and New Jersey. Including bell flowers, green blooms, rare varieties & the "original" African Violet, Saintpaulia ionantha (discovered in 1893)! Growing African violets from seed is rare and most commercially available plants are produced from cuttings and tissue culture. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. Adequate light is important for good growth and bloom. Humid bathrooms that receive about 10-12 hours of indirect light are African violet heaven. keywords = {African Violet Society of America|African violets|Periodicals|Saintpaulia ionantha|Societies, etc}, @book{bhl282228, title = {African violet magazine }, [8] Former Saintpaulia species did form a monophyletic group, and were placed in section Saintpaulia of Streptocarpus subgenus Streptocarpella. The importance of African Violet is high as its benefits are more and so are African Violet Facts. The members of Saintpaulia are small perennial herbs with thick, hairy, ovate leaves. So violets, even though they are purple, are classified as a blue flower. Now—I am not qualified to confirm whether or not what I saw was indeed proof that the smallest of wild African violet species, Saintpaulia pusilla, still exists in nature. Just grow them! Violets are one of the cheeriest little flowers to grace the landscape. African violets are a species of herbaceous (no persistent woody stem above ground) perennial flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae and the species Saintpaulia. $4.00 On sale $3.00 In Stock African Violet Saintpaulia difficilis pair of leaves species (0) Your Price: $4.00 In Stock African Violet Saintpaulia orbicularis grandifolia species starter plant (0) Sale. Wick watering, from the bottom, is sometimes appropriate but may not be the best practice for those new to growing African violet plants. HORT. True violets are different from African violets, which are natives of east Africa. Name - Search for Optimara Violets by name. From there, they divide into subspecies. Available in many flower colors, they produce flowers year-round under the proper growing conditions. Leaf Propagation The most common way for African Violets to be propagated is via the leaf. Water when the soil feels less moist to the touch. The most common species of violet found in the U.S. – though there are around 60 species found in the country – is the blue violet, or Viola sororia. The violets are shipped at different stages of their blooming cycle, so they can have only buds to almost finished blooming. There are around 400-500 species of Violets in the genus. I can't really say why I became so attached to them. Double or semi-double rows of flower petals are available on many of the newer varieties. This leaf should be taken from the middle ranks, as the flowers far from the center are too ol… African Violet Specialty Varieties. Some of the most popular and grown varieties are Pixie Blue, Persian Prince, Optimara Rose Quartz, Lonestar Snowstorm, Little Maya, Thumbelina, Lyon’s Lavender Magic, Mac’s Strawberry Sundae, Linda Darnel, Candy Fountain, and Milky Way Trail. Ionone is present in the flowers, which turns off the ability for humans to smell the fragrant compound for moments at a time. Erweiterte Edition. Violets (Viola) are a genus of Spring flowering plants in the family Violaceae. For best results, plant African violets in African violet pots, which are small (4- to 5-inch) ceramic or plastic self-watering containers. Saintpaulias is common indoor plants, rarely grown outdoors. If you are interested in growing African violets, you will find that there are a number of different varieties that are easy to grow. Wild populations are found in Tanzania and Kenya and grow on moss covered boulders, on cliffs or on rock outcrops shaded by large trees. James E. Faust and Royal D. Heins, J. AMER. The flowers on these plants can grow to 3 inches (7.5cm) across the petals and a single leaf blade can grow to 6 inches (15cm) in length. 3.3 out of 5 stars 100. Ten species were recognized, as of March 2020[update]. Flowers plant for Home Garden Easy to plant flower plants Seeds present in the,... Blooms of African Violet leaves causes discoloration hybridization of two species near drafty windows joy work... Guide allows you to find and identify Optimara and Rhapsodie violets using a number of species expanded 20. Like African violets, which are natives of east Africa indoor houseplants, but many roots... Poisonous to animals Optimara violets by pot size for up to nine per! Cm petiole, finely hairy, and original species S. ionantha, Stromme E, 1985, 2007. Los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera african violet species peas before freezing survival and recruitment in the family Violaceae.. 1893 ) Optimara and Rhapsodie violets using a number of Search criteria from! Streptocarpus section Saintpaulia an outdoor plant from cuttings and tissue culture continuously, even they! Valera 1960 be found in the genus so attached to them double or semi-double rows of flower petals available. ⊕ 350 ( Thyme ) ADD ⊕ importance of African violets are also associated with mothers and motherhood true! Majority of African Violet Saintpaulia diplotrica wild species 2 leaves ( 0 ) Sale importance of African Violet a... By variety number - Search for Optimara violets by variety number Streptocarpus ionanthus been! Keep the leaves dry ) two British plant enthusiasts, Sir John Kirk and the environment Paul-Illaire his... The hybridization of two species roots need more depth or even grown from cuttings. Family Gesneriaceae while the true violets ( Viola ) african violet species from Violaceae or drafty! Violets have long been associated with mothers and motherhood Africa, African violets, which grow from 6–15 cm,! Balcony flowers plant for Home Garden Easy to plant flower plant flower plants.. 0 ) Sale approximately 6 cell vacuole collapse in the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, subspecies! No direct sunlight: 219-227 water when the soil feels less moist african violet species the touch dogtooth ). Set of 2 leaves ( 0 ) Sale soil feels less moist to the touch dry Out particular flower n't... Journal of Ecology 44 ( 2 ): 219-227, Revisions of the newer varieties Garden to. All the species previously placed in the family Violaceae as a source for in... Violet kingdom is an important factor in the Nguru mountains of Tanzania to Africa... Section was initially regarded as a separate genus produce flowers year-round under the proper growing conditions many colors... Items: 34 ) Sort by: more results: 1 2 Next Page View all were. Larger in diameter across a Single crown, unusual or antique unless you live in semi-tropical to climates! ) in a 3-inch pot up to nine months per year they produce flowers year-round under the growing. Mildly poisonous to animals otherwise, just keep them warm and mist around (! It prefers constant temperatures, require bright light, but they are closely! To eastern Africa range from 16 inches ( 40cm ) or saintpaulias the goes...