Physical quality of life index (PQLI) of Kerala which measures only major social development indicators such as literacy, life expectancy and infant mortality is highest in India with 92.64 in 2013 while it is mere 77.1 in Gujarat. Characterized strong social indicators such as education, healthcare, high life expectancy, low infant mortality and low birth rate, often at levels comparable to developed countries despite having a … Bhagwati described the Gujarat model as a metaphor for a primarily growth and private entrepreneurship driven development and the Kerala model for a primarily redistribution and state-driven development. Development processes and the development industry - the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. The PVTGs are the marginalized section of the Scheduled tribes of India. Kerala’s development and achievements on social front has been lauded in both national  and international circles. (World development vol.29, no ², pp.601-617,2001 The new kerala model: lessons for sustainable development rene veron). How is the Kerala model  markedly different from the conventional development thinking ? Conclusion. UPSC Bridge; Sahapaadi – Degree Level PSC Class ... Daily Reading Materials; Daily News to Read + Free Resources; Contact; 9.1 Kerala Model Development. The underlying logic was that growth and industrial development will play a bigger role in reducing poverty. Sen had proposed a multidimensional  approach to measuring poverty than based on consumption alone. Shortage of power is the prime obstacle in starting new industrial units in Kerala. Designed by brilliancetechnologies, It  is a model of development based on the practices adopted in the state of Kerala. This secular composition acts as a facilitator for the secularisation of public spaces. “Kerala Model” in our book is a metaphor for a primarily redistribution and statedriven development while “Gujarat Model” is the metaphor for a primarily growth and private-entrepreneurship driven development. Some achievements of Cyberdome. Women & child care statistics released by National Crime Records Bureau  (NCRB) shows that encroachment and incursion on women is common in India. Another decade down the road, the Millennium Development Goals, embracing many of the Kerala Model's features — with the notable omission of land reforms — became the new charter of development. The life expectancy of Kerala which is 74.8 years in 2013  is much better than that of Gujarat and India where it is 68.2 and 67.5 respectively and very much comparable to that of the US  which is 77. In a broad sense, the Gujarat model privileges growth and infrastructure development. Kerala has a long history of social sector development, which predates the coinage of the ‘Kerala Model of Development’ in the 1970s. Which of the following  is TRUE about the Kerala model of development ? © 2018 brilliancecollege.com Last Updated: 10th January, 2021 20:56 IST MP Govt To Adopt Kerala's Responsible Tourism Mission Model Taking a cue from Keralas successful responsible tourism (RT) mission, Madhya Pradesh government has expressed interest to implement the model, aimed at development of village and local communities, eradicating poverty and giving emphasis to women empowerment. UPSC prelims. Similarly, Gujarat is the state with the lowest unemployment in the country, it ranked mere 14th among the states in 2011-12.This is not the most notable issue in the paradox of Kerala Model. In Gujarat, both gender disparity in unemployment and unemployment rate are minimum in the country. The Kerala model of development refers to the practices adopted in the state of Kerala, India. As per the National Human Development Report of India, which of the following India states ranked top in the list of consumption based HDI for the year 2014-15? PRE-GET Prelims 2020 Online Test Series starts on Nov 24 2019 !. This has made Kerala to have highest rating among all states on Human Development Index. Gujarat’s success story & Kerala’s painful experienceGujarat  is an industrially sound state unlike Kerala with the large inflow of investment and abundance  of entrepreneurs. Kerala Model of Development. They suggest that Kerala's high social indicators have much less to do with the so-called Kerala model, and more to do with global … Which UN Vision document embracing many of the Kerala Model's features – with the notable omission of land reforms ? While literacy ratio rose from 55.08 per cent in 1961 to 93.91 in 2011, Gujarat managed to elevate the ratio from 39.33 per cent to 79.31 per cent. . Although Kerala Model and Gujarat  Model are contradictory to each other, both are inevitable models of the country. The Kerala model, on the other hand, privileged a rights-based approach to development … Kerala has achieved material conditions of living, reflected in indicators of social development comparable to those of developed countries, even though the state's per capita income is moderate. Anna Nagar, Chennai - 600 040, Copyright ©2019 Kamaraj IAS Academy. Though  Gujarat was able to maintain a pretty balanced sector-wise development over a period of two decades with about one-fourth of state income comes from agriculture and allied sectors and one-third from the industrial sector, Kerala agriculture witnessed significant breakup. These achievements along with the factors responsible for such achievements have been considered characteristic results of the Kerala model. In a broad sense, the Gujarat model privileges growth and infrastructure development. Gujarat’s process and progress in agricultural and industrial sectors have really erected it to the top income generating states. ; A score of 100 implies that the state/ UT has achieved targets set for 2030 `KERALA MODEL’ OF DEVELOPMENT TABLE1 Infant mortality rate (per 1000) Year Kerala India 1951 128 140 1961 94 129 1971 61 114 1981 34 110 1991 16.5a 91 … Decent and constant share of these sectors to GSDP of Gujarat economy demarcated it from Kerala. The Kerala Model focused on marching to economic development through desirable social changes. Contribution of the primary sector of Kerala declined sharply from 33.1 per cent in 1993-94 to mere 12.9 per cent in 2013-14. Gujarat with the commendable share of 11.34 per cent was able  to diversify its power generation capacity to renewable resources such as wind, tidal and solar energy while mere 1.24 per cent of Kerala’s installed capacity was from it. Ans: the Human Development Index (HDI ) by , the United Nations from 1990. Who said this "Though Kerala is mostly a land of paddy-covered plains, statistically Kerala stands out as the Mount Everest of social development; there's truly no place like it. 9.1 Kerala Model Development. Kerala Model of development. Regional News Final PSC rank list.Kerala News. But, the Kudumbashree model works with a socially representative leadership. So they concentrated much on the human resource development. Delhi’s AAP government has adopted a people-centric model … One can examine a dozen or more indicators to establish that Kerala’s achievements in the field of human development are way above the rest.” The Linguistic Reorganization Committee, which recommended the reorganization of India's states based on the majority's common language, created modern Kerala … As such the Kerala Model vs. Gujarat Model debate is a longstanding one. The state achieved total literacy almost two decades back. Critically evaluate, CSE General Studies Prelims 2019 – Answer Key with Explanation, Exclusive Prelims Batch starts on November 4th 2019. Kerala is more developed than Bihar because of human capital. ... Public Administration Daily Answer Writing Challenge For UPSC 2020. Infrastructure development for sustained growth Power Sector Gujarat is clearly the power house of India with 16 per cent of India’s installed capacity while  that of Kerala is nominal with mere one per cent in 2015. The underlying logic was that growth and industrial development will play a bigger role in reducing poverty. While crime rate in Kerala is clearly above the national rate 52.24, Gujarat’s crime rate is clearly below that. Kerala has been hailed as a model of development for having achieved a status fulfilling all the parameters of social well-being comparable to those of the developed countries of the world. Both Kerala and Gujarat gained 40 per cent rise in adult literacy in 50 years from 1961 to 2011. 42.63. KAS exam results. Kerala Police Act Amendment & Free Speech Archives Topic: General Studies 2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation In News: The government of Kerala has put on hold … By implication, it means that if Gujarat continues to grow faster, the social indicators will change here too. 11th Main Road, Shanthi Colony, The most interesting fact about the Kerala model development is that, it has achieved higher standard of living with lower per capita income. States of Kerala and Gujarat are more or less ahead of   national average in various socioeconomic indicators of development. In fact the growth of these two states in literacy in the same period are less to India which has managed to lift the ratio from mere 12.95 per cent to 74.04 by gaining 61 per cent. KERALA, MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT Modern Kerala formally emerged as a constituent state of the Indian Union on 1 November 1956, comprising three regions: Travancore, Cochin, and Malabar. Download human development report notes PDF for the IAS Exam. Plot No A P.127, AF Block, 6th Street, 9. Home 9.1 Kerala Model Development. Kerala model is primarily about redistribution and state-driven development. Gujarat’s sustained growth & Kerala’s declining share agriculture and allied sector plays an important role in the State economy. Which has become one of the most influential and widely used indices to compare human development across countries,that  gave Kerala Model an international recognition. What are Special Purpose Vehicles … The Centre for Development Studies is situated at…………. India’s private-led overseas investment model has lessons for China. While Kerala  is the state with lowest poverty ratio in the country, it is amongst the states with highest unemployment rate of 98 per 1000. Amartya Sen and Jean Drez- supported Kerala Model of Development. Brilliance College : Online Coaching Class [Buy Now] cover the subject : Kerala Model of Development in an extensive manner. Gujarat can be seen only as a “growth model”, while Kerala’s model is “human development-led growth”. It puts threat over sustainability of the famed inclusive growth model of Kerala. The Kerala model, on the other hand, privileged a rights-based approach to development with a strong emphasis on social and human development. While Kerala and Gujarat are above the national rate in case of suicide  rate, it’s only Kerala which stands behind India in cases of unemployment rate and, crime rate against women and children. Brilliance College, SS Kovil Road, Thampanoor, Trivandrum - 01. Cyberdome is a technological research and development centre of Kerala Police Department, conceived as a cyber centre of excellence in cybersecurity, as well as technology augmentation for effective policing. Ans: the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). At that, Kerala which is blessed with top standard social indicators trails by high crime rate  against women and children and suicide rate. Local, participative governance has been a distinction of Kerala’s model. As far as a  national economy  is concerned, it is  important to derive and  prioritize the good aspects  of the two models.Theoretical and  empirical evidences suggest that there is a positive relationship between economic growth  and social development. Believes in bottom-up development + decentralised planning and development. Compare Gujarat model of development with Kerala model of development. Recruitment and examination schedules conducted by the organization. 42.63. The article discusses the themes of the post-covid world which will be somewhat more aware and mindful of the dangers of global dimension. Discuss. The progress made in the realm of education, health and gender development have been noteworthy. Candidates who get coaching from this institution, finds the top ranks in the exams conducted by Kerala Public Service Commission, SSC, UPSC, and Bank Examinations. He is of the view that the  Gujarat development model suffered from weaknesses on the social side and could not be considered a success. This ‘Made in Kerala’ model can be implemented across India, if it is done with the same secular and gender-sensitive spirit. Historically, the rulers of Kerala, namely, rulers of Travancore and Cochin had an enlightened outlook towards health and education of their subjects. Even though half of Kerala’s working population also resort to agriculture and allied activities, Kerala agriculture suffers from serious drawbacks. Kerala PSC prelims. They are: Maharajas. Poverty & unemployment. While Kerala has advantage in  some sectors, Gujarat has advantage in some other sectors. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Kerala is in the top slot. Brilliance College : KAS Online Coaching Class Helpline : 9746316263. In fact, Growing inequality is a great challenge of Kerala model development. Amartya Sen had upheld what he calls the “Kerala experience” —  high social spending resulting in growth — as a role model for other states to follow. Kerala Model of development. Human Development Report: HDR 2020 is yet to be published by UNDP. The ‘Kerala model’ of development has been celebrated in the developmental discourses, especially in the education and health sectors. Gujarat though lies extremely below Kerala, lies a little above the national average in all major health indicators. Kerala Model praised on women centered development shown by female-dominated sex ratio, enrolment in higher education and life expectancy comparable to developed countries is entirely set down in ensuring safety to its mother community. The discussions are on which model of development that India should follow. The Bhagwati-Panagariya duo argues that whatever Kerala had achieved was thanks to a growth-oriented approach. The betterment of Kerala in per capita NSDP shows its inclusive nature of development while that of Gujarat is more exclusive as its phenomenal economic growth in the current decades has never been accompanied by respective growth of per capita NSDP. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important : Prelims level : Not much. The NSSO report shows that Kerala has  highest gender disparity in unemployment with 232 females per 1000 are unemployed as per usual status in 2016-17 while 41 males are also unemployed. The capability approach brings in various factors, including individual freedoms, which were excluded from welfare economics earlier. Both social and human capital is the pivot for regional development. Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Federalism; GS-III- Sustainable Development In News. Both the models are entirely dissimilar in terms of approach  to development. It is a model of development based on the practices adopted in the state of Kerala It is characterized by achievements in social indicators such as education, healthcare, high life expectancy, low infant mortality and low birth rate, by the creation of productive social infrastructure rather than materialistic infrastructure. It is reinforced by the Human Development Index (HDI)  position of Gujarat. Kerala  has performed  positively in terms of social indicators but economy has been in disarray, as it is ranked among bottom half of the country.The Kerala Model distinguished all over the world. Crime rate against women in Kerala is 62.43 in 2013 while that of Gujarat is lower i.e. It is characterized by achievements in social indicators such as education, healthcare, high life expectancy, low infant mortality and low birth rate, by the creation of productive social infrastructure rather than materialistic infrastructure. Kerala Model of Development took on the theory that economic growth is the only way to meet basic needs of people in poverty, to raise them above poverty, and generate employment. Sector-wise  Analysis of Kerala-Gujarat  Models of Development Economic Sector Development: The investments and incentives in economic sectors like industries and agriculture are required  for the development in economic sectors. The following  is TRUE about the Kerala kerala model of development upsc development is one of the Gujarat model privileges growth and development. Have been noteworthy began with a huge advantage in some sectors, Gujarat ’ s model is human. 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