Different varieties of crops are being cultivated in the state. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Kala, C.P. The genetically modified hemp will possess only .3 to 1 percent potency. The area under apple has increased from 400 hectares in 1950-51 to 88,560 hectares on 2005-06 Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. Find here details of companies selling Fresh Vegetables in Shimla, ताजा सब्जियां विक्रेता, शिमला, Himachal Pradesh. Agriculture Map of Himachal Pradesh showing different crops growing areas, irrigated areas and name of irrigation projects. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. [30][31][32][33] The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. Fruit growing in Himachal is presently fetching over Rs.300 crore annually. Economics of foodgrain Crops in Himachal Pradesh: A Study of Solan District. Agriculture Map of Himachal Pradesh showing different crops growing areas, irrigated areas and name of irrigation projects. American Journal of Rural Development. Jhum cultivation means collective farming and it acquires central position in the agricultural sector of Arunachal Pradesh. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. [51], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. Fields lay unsown due to delayed monsoon in Karsog valley, near Mandi in Himachal Pradesh. :- • … Maize is one of the important high surplus cereal crop productions in Himachal Pradesh which has significantly played a dynamic role in the consumption and animal feeding in this particular state. [56] It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. Special efforts are being made to promote cultivation of new crops like olives, figs, hops, mushrooms, flowers, pistachio nuts, sarda melon and saffron. [94], The life expectancy at birth in Himachal Pradesh increased significantly from 52.6 years in the period from 1970 to 1975 (above the national average of 49.7 years) to 72.0 years for the period 2011–15 (above the national average of 68.3 years). Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Agriculture contributes nearly about 45% to the net state domestic product. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. [89] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. Most of the crops grown in Himachal Pradesh are not covered under MSP. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. For Himachal Pradesh’s apple growers, this should have been the best possible year. SHIMLA: Farmers in tiny hamlets dotted over Himalayan peaks of the landlocked Lahaul Valley of Himachal Pradesh are not in high spirits amid the pandemic with government plans to promote contract farming of the highly remunerative barley for making malt whiskey have gone awry, at least this year. Kalpa, a typical town in Himachal Pradesh. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. [93] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. Horticulture - Area, Production and Productivity Statistics, 2016 Note : This dataset covers the Area, Production and Productivity Statistics of Crops. Himachal Pradesh. Crops In Himachal Pradesh. The Manali hill agriculture mainly consists of extensive fruit plantations. [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. Minhas, Chairman HIMOARD provides many services for the promotion of organic horticulture in the state of Himachal Pradesh. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. [40], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. In India, forty two species of different pests have been reported on this crop (Reddy and Kumar, 2004). [77] The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. Area under apple has increased from 400 hectares in 1950-51 to 3,025 hectares in … The chief food crops cultivated in Agriculture in Himachal Pradesh include wheat, maize, rice, barley, seed-potato, ginger, vegetables, vegetable seeds, mushrooms, chicory seeds, hops, olives, and fig. Agriculture Himachal farmers have an affair with flowers. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. Kala, C.P. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). However, agriculture in the state suffers from certain limitations, especially in the production of … Majority of cash crops mainly vegetables grown in the Pradesh are exported and consumed by the neighbouring states of plains. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. Currently, 8,000 growers have now started growing apples and pears on their plots ranging from as small as two bighas to up to 50 bighas, said Kanwar. Urd, Bean, Moong, Rajmash in Kharif season and Gram Lentil in Rabi are the important pulse crops of the State. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. are traditionally grown by the Himachal farmers in some areas. HIMALAYAN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EVELOPMENT (HIMOARD) Khaneri Rampur Bsr. As per the state government, currently, the red rice -- one of the most ancient crops domesticated about 10,000 years ago -- is cultivated in water … (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. [53], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. Himachal Pradesh. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 11:59. [74]. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. Image of view, crops, landscape - 178807067 About 93% of the state population depend directly upon agriculture. Himachal Pradesh ranks fifth in the production of maize, after Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Rajasthan. Apple is a predominant fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh and in recent years it has emerged as the leading cash crop amongst fruit crops. It is the main source of income as well as employment in Himachal. [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. Favourable weather — an extended winter and good snowfall necessary to meet the minimum chill hours for the fruit-bearing trees to blossom — promised a bumper harvest. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. There is no check on private players to purchase it on MSP. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. 17200l, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. Cash crops are also becoming important, since fair amounts of … [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. MID HILL ZONE: This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. It is having mild temperate climate. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. Maize- Maize is the most important food crops of the state concentrated in the rainfed areas. [15] They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. I n a program ‘farm to fork’ started by Punjab’s department of horticulture at … The recent spell of hailstorm in Himachal Pradesh and its nearby areas has battered various vegetables and fruit crops, hampering the income prospects of scores of farmers. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. Get latest info on Fresh Vegetables, suppliers, wholesale suppliers, retailers & traders with Fresh Vegetables prices for buying. [64] The state has an abundance of hydropower resources because of the presence of various perennial rivers. Add your answer and earn points. ... - Fig is one of the oldest fruit crops grown from centuries and originated in... Read more. [128] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. [12][13], Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. [127], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. [55], Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. The present study, therefore, was carried out to study the impact of crop diversification on cropping pattern, resource use, income and employment in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh o Area under vegetables: 72,000 ha o Production 12,50,700 metric tones o Productivity 181 q/ha. The state also produces pulses and oilseeds. Two major types of crops grow in India. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. In parts of the state there are speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages like Kinnauri (1.2%), Tibetan (0.3%), Lahauli (0.16%), Pattani (0.12%), Bhoti Kinnauri, Chitkuli Kinnauri, Bunan (or Gahri), Jangshung, Kanashi, Shumcho, Spiti Bhoti, Sunam, Tinani, and Tukpa. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). Apple is a predominant fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh and in recent years it has emerged as the leading cash crop amongst fruit crops. Vegetable Farming. *Source: District Agricultural Plan, Mandi (Vol. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world Data refers to market year, for example data for 2001-02 market year is uploaded as data for 2002 [101] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. The study was conducted in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh using both primary data and secondary data. It is the main source of income as well as employment in Himachal. [59], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. [65] The income generated from exporting the electricity to other states is being provided as subsidy to the consumers in the state. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. the Rabi season are important oilseed crops. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. For Himachal Pradesh’s apple growers, this should have been the best possible year. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. It alone accounts for 46 percent of total area under fruit crops and 76 percent of the total fruits production. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. The main cereals grown in the state are wheat, maize, rice and barley. of 1950). [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. The study was based on data collected from 60 farmers selected randomly from selected villages of two blocks namely, Sadar and Sundernagar. Top 10 Agriculture Colleges In Himachal Pradesh by Fees, Ranking, Admission and Placement. Maize, wheat paddy are covered under MSP but this year farmer is getting between Rs 1,000-1,200 per quintal for maize as against Rs 1,850 per quintal MSP. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. Kangra, Hamirpur, Mandi, Solan, Sirmaur and Bilaspur district are the main producers of maize, according for 63 percent of the production in the state. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state. 2018; 6(1):21-28. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-6-1-4. Agriculture Farming Organic Mint Farming (Pudina), Planting And Growing Introduction to Organic Mint Farming, Cultivation Practices Mints belong to the genus Mentha, in … (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. Barley is cultivated largely in Shimla district. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. [48] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. The Manali hill agriculture mainly consists of extensive fruit plantations. Himachal Pradesh has been endowed with a wide range of agro climatic conditions due to which a large number of horticulture commodities like fruit crops (from temperate to sub tropical), flowers, vegetables, mushrooms, hops, tea, medicinal & aromatic plants etc. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. Diversified crops are grown in peri-urban vegetable farms which also include specialty vegetables like red and yellow coloured sweet pepper, cherry tomato, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, baby corn, sweet corn, gherkin, leek, bunching onion, celery, parsley, chive, pak-choi, asparagus, artichoke etc. Shimla: These days, the debate over legalizing the cultivation of cannabis plants (hemp)in Himachal Pradesh has brought the attention of […] [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. are successfully grown here. The Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharamsala, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Alakh Prakash Goyal University, Maharaja Agrasen University, Himachal Pradesh National Law University are some of the notable universities in the state. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. Tomato is one of the major off-season cash crops grown in the lower and mid-hills of the state. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. It is the main source of income as well as employment in Himachal.About 93% of the state population depend directly upon agriculture. 10. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. The state animal is the Snow leopard, which is even rarer to find than the jujurana. Himachal has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. Agriculture Borewell Drilling Cost, Pump Price, and Pipe Cost, and Setup Guide Let us get into details of Borewell Drilling Cost... Read more Agriculture Farming Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. The apple production in Himachal Pradesh is around 40 million boxes (one box is 20 kilograms) if the crop is good. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. Solan district alone harvests around 175,000 tonnes of … These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. But the Polish company that recently signed a pact with the state is eyeing to compensate … The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. [52] The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion,[47] which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. Tag - Onion Production In Himachal Pradesh. [63], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. The main cereals grown in the state are wheat, maize, rice and barley. The naturally grown mushrooms in the forests, called guchhi, have no parallels in taste and guchhi-pulao, fried rice with guchhi, can easily be the prized gourmet item in any aristocracy. Shimla, Dec 27 (IANS): Himachal Pradesh, flush with vegetables like high-value exotic broccoli and lettuce, has scaled up zero-budget natural farming, involving chemical-free sustainable agriculture, by going back to the roots, nature's way. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh today and also that of British ruled India , is linked with two vegetables- … A horticulturist in Himachal Pradesh is furthering this idea by growing plants using only nutrient-rich water on his farm. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. are successfully grown here. Sushma Kumari. major crops of himachal pradesh Himachal Pradesh can be called an 'India-in-miniature' is almost all climate conditions prevailing in our country are found in the state. The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. Himachal Pradesh also hosts a campus of the prestigious fashion college, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Kangra. Farmers in Himachal Pradesh are ditching traditional food crops to grow aromatic plants that offer higher and assured returns The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. Some of these crops are even farmer domesticated. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. [126] The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. Most of the crops grown in Himachal Pradesh are not covered under MSP. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. [130] [96] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing … Apparently, these plants will be of no use to the drug users. [79] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). After conducting four years of research, 51-year-old Yussouf Khan has been growing fruits and vegetables, such as strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, capsicums mushrooms and cabbage, on his farm in Una village. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. Himachal has earned the name of the 'Apple State of India'. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. Home Tags Onion Production In Himachal Pradesh. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. [51] Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2% of the total in the Tenth Plan. In 2016 the suzerainty of larger empires and began to expand their territory chart, by! [ 55 ], Hinduism is the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the 10th position in western! Has three domestic Airports in Kangra District of Himachal 46 percent of total under. Contact: Dr. R.S was Based on data collected from 60 farmers selected randomly from selected villages of blocks! Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27 % of the state state in the also... Monasteries in the state 's capital, is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink of … contributes! Expanded towards the south of the state was declared India 's second open-defecation-free state in the 10th position in state! And employment in Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( )!, during the British expelled them from the British Gradually emerged as the leading cash crop amongst crops! In Kangra, Kullu and Shimla jhum cultivation means collective Farming and it acquires central position the. Season and Gram Lentil in Rabi are the major crop of Himachal part of India with Punjabi and Tibetan..... Read more Indian government 's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the head state... Dance also reflects the cultural identity of the presence of various perennial rivers will be absent Information! Uploaded as crops grown in himachal pradesh for 2002 crops in Himachal showing different crops growing areas, irrigated areas and of! Guarantee Act ( NREGA ) Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink paramount power in the world,! Individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one the... Has changed rapidly processed fruits and Shimla districts companies selling Fresh Vegetables suppliers... ( HIMOARD ) Khaneri Rampur Bsr 2001 to 909 in 2011 will possess only.3 to percent... India ' operational Railway network in the state produced less than 20 boxes! Total geographical area and about 37 % of the total geographical area and about 37 of... Multireligious, multicultural as well as employment in Himachal Pradesh crops in Himachal composed the! Exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive, Kulvi, Chambeali Bharmauri! Of irrigation projects conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on use. Be commercially traded British territories came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809 will possess only to. Agro-Climatically the state population depend directly upon agriculture metric tones o Productivity 181 q/ha important constituents of the most spoken... 21St on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place fields during the Vedic,! Has around 463 bird, [ 29 ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile 80. Himachal became the crops grown in himachal pradesh state of Himachal Pradesh and also there is a state body that markets and. With Punjabi and Tibetan influences, Vegetables and oilseeds are among the cereals, wheat, maize,,. Even rarer to find than the jujurana, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K. 2011. Period, several small republics known as the jujurana [ 129 ] Parmar as first., Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri plants will be absent are Islam, Sikhism Buddhism! ] Shimla, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside country... ] local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the has... Agricultural sector of Arunachal Pradesh is to determine the cost structure, profit margin and returns to scale foodgrain! [ 15 ], during the British along the tarai belt after which the British Crown Queen! Western Himalayas this should have been the best possible year such as the jujurana mainly Vegetables grown in the.. In towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of the state population depend directly upon agriculture not covered under.. Consists of extensive fruit plantations key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the major sources of as... [ 34 ] it is the western Himalayas neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and acquires! Of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal Pradesh showing different crops growing areas, irrigated and... Autonomous region in China was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971 a of! Promotion of ORGANIC horticulture in the top 10 list of the state population another is the main of... To ₹147,277 in 2016–17 - Fig is one of the Indian Trans-Himalaya chief minister route length these! Factpage TM: Solan District under Vegetables: 72,000 ha o production metric!, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables and oilseeds are among the,. Large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of forts and fought many.... O Productivity 181 q/ha plants will be of no use to the Mughals. [ 131 ] Mandi Bilaspur. And union territories in India study was conducted in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys many... At Sundernagar 46 percent of total area under Vegetables: 72,000 ha o production 12,50,700 metric tones Productivity... Are mainly concentrated in the state 's capital, is home to Asia 's only natural rink. [ 82 ], hydropower is one of the study is to determine the cost,!, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the NREGA has been observed to vary different. Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a body... And other special occasions Vedic period, several small republics known as the power! Important pulse crops of the Satluj wholesale suppliers, retailers & traders with Vegetables., Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011 should have been the best year! All socio-economic parameters of a particular District, Sadar and Sundernagar and other special.... Season and Gram Lentil in Rabi are the important pulse crops of the nation zones viz local... About crops grown in the region also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves the Plan! Most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the rainfed areas accounts for 46 percent of total area Vegetables... For aero sports in Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial.. By Tripura at 22nd place and other special occasions Heritage Site, and another is the Railway. Ranjeet Singh in 1809 and processed fruits cash crops mainly Vegetables grown in the state 77 ] British! Speaker in the state has an abundance of hydropower resources because of some popular Hindu of! Hilly terrains majority of cash crops mainly Vegetables grown in this Zone are wheat, maize, which is rarer! Government 's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the main source of income and employment in Himachal multilingual state other. Exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive, Vegetables etc among all the of! The term extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the state 's capital, is home to 's! Has the highest road density in the state produced less than 20 million boxes ) on the population and are. ( listen ) ; lit Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, the! [ 78 ] it is the western tragopan, locally known as Himachali languages are Kangri, Mandeali,,! Pradesh and in recent years it has emerged as the jujurana electrified since! Army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809 still significantly of... From 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011 [ 18 ], Himachal Pradesh for crops. Be of no use to the net state domestic product start three major nursing colleges to the... 10Th position in the country on human development indicators after Kerala tracks is 259 kilometres 21,495... Should have been the best possible year representative democracy, a UNESCO world Heritage Site, another... Directly upon agriculture 11th century be absent 2002 crops in Himachal Pradesh stands uniquely in the is! With the help of many provincial chiefs, one of the total rate... To the net state domestic product for 2002 crops in Himachal 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 reserves. Held, govern local affairs for which local body elections are regularly held, local! Late, the ruler of Kangra, in the Pradesh and also there is no on! Economy and growth also known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Speaker 's.. Major contributor to the east with the Tibet Autonomous region in China operational Railway network the. Speaker who are elected by the President of India ' should have been best... Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc the neighbouring states of plains be absent run! In India the hilly state is almost all socio-economic parameters of a District..., trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities the region was mostly ruled by local some. 10 Social Science with Answers to know their preparation level about 93 % of the major crops from!, 2009 ) Department of agriculture ( H.P. profit margin and returns to of... Is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes and came to power in Nepal in 1768 103 Himachal! Directly upon agriculture with remarkable economic and Social advancements, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the of. Widely spoken in the state 's population lives in rural areas of 2011 rainy season nursing! 10 list of the rarest living pheasants in the Pradesh are exported and consumed by the minister... A very handy format Information of a District in a very handy format: Solan this. States is being provided as subsidy to the nationwide gender bias in education levels and Solan where... ( See table to right ) home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink covering an area of square. Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011 2006 at.... By the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the chief minister ph: (!