IPPC Official Pest Report, No. https://www.ippc.int/en/, IPPC, 2015a. 135. Population Ecology, 42:153-160, Rungrojwanich K, Walter GH, 2000. Queensland fruit fly destroys a wide variety of fruit crops due to their habit of laying eggs inside maturing and ripe fruit. by Vreysen, M. J. B.\Robinson, A. S.\Hendrichs, J.]. Drew RAI, 1982. That revised list recorded B. tryoni from 49 families of plants, represented by 234 species. I. Temporal variation in abundance. Queensland Fruit Fly Protecting Fruit - Our Organic Method Hi Folks. > 10°C, Cold average temp. 2nd ed. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Cameron E C, Sved J A, Gilchrist A S, 2010. The sterile insect technique (SIT) has been used for localised outbreaks in quarantined areas (Jessup et al., 2007).Early Warning Systems Biology, natural enemies and control, 3A. A New Zealand view of quarantine security with special reference to fruit flies, In: Vijaysegaran S, Ibrahim AG, eds. Scutum without a medial vitta. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp, Cameron EC, Sved JA, Gilchrist AS, 2010. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. B. tyroni are responsible for an estimated $28.5 … 2012). This may be because the papaya fruit fly attacks fruit a few days earlier than the Queensland fruit fly and thus gains an advantage. Wing (male) with a deep indent in posterior margin. Professor Clarke said Queensland growers had suffered more than $100 million in lost markets when the Papaya fruit fly invaded the country in the 90s. In 1989 it became established in the Perth area of Western Australia and it was declared eradicated by 1991. Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), is the economically most significant Australian tephritid pest species with a large invasion potential, yet relatively little work on its biological control has been undertaken. The main way that Queensland fruit fly spreads to new areas is by being carried in infested host fruit and vegetables. Fruits (Paris), 63(4):209-217. http://www.fruits-journal.org/, Vijaysegaran S, 1997. B. tryoni is found throughout the eastern half of Queensland, eastern New South Wales, and the extreme east of Victoria. https://www.ippc.int/en/, IPPC, 2020. can fly 50-100 km (Fletcher, 1989)” but a review of Fletcher (1989a) and Fletcher (1989b) by Hicks et al. As a direct result of these invasions, there is increasing research interest in the invasion history and spread patterns of this fly. It affects all summerfruit crops … 100 (2), 197-206. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=ber DOI:10.1017/S0007485309990150. Adult description derived from computer-generated descriptions from White and Hancock (1997). (2000). Control; fruit disinfestation; fumigation, heat and cold. Movements of tephritid fruit flies. Eradication of Pacific fruit fly and Queensland fruit fly commenced in 1999 using male … Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 51(4):467-480, Swingle WT, Reece PT, 1967. APPPC, 1987. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries. III. Surstylus (male) without a long posterior lobe. Fruit Flies; their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. by Robinson, A. S., Hooper, G.]. Cell br (narrowed part) with extensive covering of microtrichia. A Regional Symposium, Nadi, Fiji. Queensland fruit fly is the most costly horticultural pest in Australia and it has invaded other countries in the surrounding region. 31) but the evidence and analysis provided by Cameron et al. Seasonal abundance, distribution, hosts and taxonomic placement of Dipterophagus daci Drew & Allwood (Strepsiptera: Dipterophagidae). Several non-indigenous species have been released for biological control of this fruit fly in Australia. First International Symposium on Fruit Flies in the Tropics, Kuala Lumpur, 1988. With an anal streak. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122(3):215-221. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/eea, Osborne R, Meats A, Frommer M, Sved JA, Drew RAI, Robson MK, 1997. Suspect fruits should be cut open Queensland fruit fly. The distribution of NEO is contained entirely within the wider distribution of Q-fly and the two species are ecologically extremely similar, with no known differences in pheromones, temperature tolerance, or host-fruit utilisation. Australian Journal of Entomology, 36(1):45-50, Poona S, 2003. Fruit Fly News FFN#38 May 2019 Interview with Aldo Malavasi p.3 ©Fruit Fly ... fruit flies A fourth Queensland fruit fly has been found in Auck-land, again in the suburb of Northcote, prompting ... recently invaded western countries, and it has been recognized as an im- https://www.ippc.int/, Jessup AJ, Dominiak B, Woods B, Lima CPFde, Tomkins A, Smallridge CJ, 2007. Posterior spiracles: placed just above midline; each spiracular slit about 3 times as long as broad. Frons - 2 pairs frontal setae; 1 pair orbital setae. Larval description from White and Elson-Harris (1994).Adult Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), invaded French Polynesia in 1996. Larval identification is difficult, so if time allows, However, as far as fruit flies are concerned an unequivocal answer to the question - whether there is an impact of a pest species on other species in a district - should be assessed only by experiment or by incubating field-sampled fruit individually in order to rear out and identify surviving adult insects (see for example Gibbs, 1967; Fitt, 1986). These two species mate at different times of day (B. tryoni at dusk; B. neohumeralis at midday). Australian Journal of Zoology, 15(6):1123-1139 pp, Gilchrist AS, Ling AE, 2006. This may involve fumigation, heat treatment (hot vapour or hot water), cold treatments, insecticidal dipping, or irradiation (Armstrong and Couey, 1989). Citrus reunited. Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel), Diospyros virginiana (persimmon (common)), Eremocitrus glauca (Australian desert lime), Olea europaea subsp. Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 17:699-718, Bateman MA, Insunza V, Arretz P, 1973. Yes, the Queensland Fruit Fly, my friend in the Ag dept. Yeast autolysate bait sprays for control of Queensland fruit fly on passionfruit in Queensland. [Erratum: In previous versions of this datasheet, it was stated that “many Bactrocera spp. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press. Purea M, Putoa R, Munro E, 1997. 115-128. Scutellum entirely yellow (except for narrow basal band). Rome, Italy: FAO. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 115-128, Bateman MA, Friend AH, Hampshire F, 1966. Postharvest heat treatments: effects on commodity, pathogens and insect pests. Notopleuron with anterior seta. complex of sweet orange varieties using locally made protein bait of brewery waste. The Queensland fruit fly (Q-fly), Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), is a major horticultural pest species in Australia. Tergite 4 dark laterally. (Wharton, 1989). Adults occur throughout the year in 4-5 overlapping generations and overwinter as adults; up to 70 individuals have been recorded as developing from a single infested fruit (Christenson and Foote, 1960). It has the potential to expand its range to currently Q-fly-free areas and poses a serious threat to the Australian horticultural industry. Legs: All femora yellow / pale. In: Allwood AJ, Drew RAI, eds. Postpronotal lobe (=humerus) without a seta. Created Date: 10/30/2018 1:33:16 PM puncture marks and any associated necrosis. In: Economic Fruit Flies of the South Pacific Region, [ed. Creeping welts with 2-3 anteriorly directed and 3-8 posteriorly directed rows of spinules. This is followed by decompostion of the fruit. Applied Entomology and Zoology, Vol. malathion) mixed with a proteinaceous bait (usually termed ‘protein’). Fruit producers in South Australia's Riverland region scramble to meet strict product quarantine rules, with a second outbreak of Queensland fruit fly declared in the region inside eight days. Cell bc without extensive covering of microtrichia. The record for Tasmania in CABI/EPPO (1998) is an error. Losses caused by fruit flies (Diptera : Tephritidae) in seven Pacific Island countries. Mortality due to vertebrate fruit consumption can be very high, as can puparial mortality in the soil, either due to predation or environmental mortality (see White and Elson-Harris, 1994, for brief review). However there are three clear differences between them: humeral callus colour, complete pre-mating isolation based on mating time-of-day, and invasiveness. (2014).]. by Perez-Staples, D., Diaz-Fleischer, F., Montoya, P., Vera, M. T.]. In: Official report, fruit fly and other pests various countries, 1907-8. In: Allwood AJ, Drew RAI, eds. One of the most effective control techniques against fruit flies in general is to wrap fruit, either in newspaper, a paper bag, or in the case of long/thin fruits, a polythene sleeve. Yellow marking on both anatergite and katatergite. NZL-04/2. Anepisternal stripe not reaching as far as anterior notopleural seta. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. Cook Islands. Allwood A J, Drew R A I, 1996. Pest Free Status of Ceratitis capitata and Bactrocera tryoni in Singapore. the costal band extends from the wing base, not just from cell sc [the stigma]). Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 44(1):109-126, Meats A, 1989. It has only recently invaded the USA where its numbers have grown rapidly. The chorion is reticulate (requires scanning electron microscope examination). ACIAR Proceedings], 76 [ed. NEO is much less invasive, whereas in historical times Q-fly has invaded southeastern Australia and areas of Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural) (No.110). Usually about 60-80% length of larva. We will inevitably see more Queensland fruit flies arrive in New Zealand. Meats, D.C.A. Larvae medium-sized, length 8.0-11.0 mm; width 1.2-1.5 mm. 23 (2), 61-72. JOSH BYRNE: There are over 200 species of Fruit Fly in Australia. South Australian Research and Development Institute. Due to difficulties in verifying the identifications of both parasitoids and (in some cases) the fruit fly hosts, no attempt has been made to catalogue all natural enemy records; see White and Elson-Harris (1994) for major sources. EPPO Global database. B. tyroni lay their eggs in fruit. This was neutralised by sodium hydroxide yielding a concentrate with a salt content of up to 50%. In: Prevention and management of invasive alien species: Proceedings of a Workshop on Forging Cooperation throughout the Austral-Pacific, 2002, Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii [ed. Journal of Applied Entomology, 125(3):135-140, Raghu S, Clarke AR, Drew RAI, Hulsman K, 2000. Reports of hybridization between B. tryoni and B. aquilonis (EPPO, 2002) (a similar species in the Northern Territory) are almost certainly erroneous as those two species lack sympatry. Annual Review of Entomology, 32:115-144, Fletcher BS, 1989. Observations to date indicate that it is out-competing the Queensland fruit fly and attacks fruit that this fly rarely attacks making it a far worse pest Damage levels can be anything up to 100% of unprotected fruit. ACIAR Proceedings, 76:54-56, Quimio GM, Walter GH, 2001. Alan Meats, University of Sydney, Australia. ACIAR Proceedings, 76: 68-76. Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a highly polyphagous fruit fly which, in the last 15 years, has invaded (with or without establishment) Africa, Europe and North America. By 2009 mean (±SD) F. arisanus parasitism for fruit flies infesting Psidium guajava (common guava), Inocarpus fagifer (Polynesian chestnut) and Terminalia catappa (tropical almond) fruits on Tahiti Island was 64.8 ± 2.0%. Q-fly and NEO show very limited genome differentiation, so comparative genomic analyses and QTL mapping should be able to identify the regions of the genome controlling mating time and invasiveness, to assess the genetic bases for the invasive strains of Q-fly, and to facilitate a variety of improvements to current sterile insect control strategies for that species. Adelaide, Australia: South Australian Research and Development Institute, 69 pp, Maelzer DA, Bailey PT, Perepelicia N, 2004. Factors supporting the non-persistence of fruit fly populations in South Australia. Being invaded by them is like something out of scary movie. Biology of fruit flies. The absence of Bactrocera tryoni in New Zealand is confirmed. Fruit fly fauna in New Caledonia. See also CABI/EPPO (1998, No. Queensland Journal of Agricultural and Animal Sciences, 45(2):169-177, Spinner JE, Cowling AM, Gurr GM, Jessup AJ, Reynolds OL, 2011. This is a simple physical barrier to oviposition but it has to be applied well before the fruit is attacked. Little information is available on the attack time for most fruits but few Bactrocera spp. Adult flight and the transport of infected fruit are the major means of movement and dispersal to previously uninfected areas. Fruits (locally grown or samples of fruit imports) should be inspected for Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), is the economically most significant Australian tephritid pest species with a large invasion potential, yet relatively little work on its biological control has been undertaken. Both males and females of fruit flies are attracted to protein sources emanating ammonia, so insecticides can be applied to just a few spots in an orchard and the flies will be attracted to these spots when they get near them during their daily foraging (Bateman et al., 1966 ab; Bateman, 1982). They came in the house in some fruit from the store. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm, FAO/IAEA, 2003. Bateman M A, 1982. 11-53. https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/25459. A survey of travellers carrying host fruit of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), into a fruit fly free area in 1998/99 following road signposting of penalties for infringements. ACIAR Proceedings], 76 [ed. Citrus (Rutaceae): a review of recent advances in etymology, systematics and medical applications. \Batchelor, L. D.]. The Q-fly and NEO species pair is of particular interest. In 2002 a natural enemy, Fopius arisanus (Sonan), was released and established. Following oviposition there may be some necrosis around the puncture mark 2012). New South Wales Department of Agriculture, Sydney, Australia, Gibbs GW, 1967. A8 with well defined intermediate areas and large sensilla. It can [t be purchased commercially. What crops are most at risk from the fruit fly? mature larvae should be transferred to sawdust (or similar dry medium) to Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. A great community story, our CFA’s busy January, Chewton’s “eye-in-the-sky”, Castlemaine’s Paddock development, swimming (and sitting) at Chewton Pool, and twenty years of Chatting… yeah! Keith Rankin Analysis – Fixing the 2020 New Zealand House Price… It is a member of subgenus Bactrocera and can therefore sometimes be cited as Bactrocera (Bactrocera) tryoni. Head: Pedicel+1st flagellomere not longer than ptilinal suture. No transverse markings. Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 17(5):687-697 pp, Bateman MA, Friend AH, Hampshire F, 1966. Oecologia, 64(2):267-272, EPPO, 2014. Thorax: Predominant colour of scutum red-brown. Fruit fly invasions happen around the world, particularly in subtropical regions," he said. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 1-97, Drew RAI, 1987. 3, p. 457. It has only recently invaded the USA where its numbers have grown rapidly. Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), invaded French Polynesia in 1996. Plant Protection Bulletin, FAO, 21(5):114, Bayer RJ, Mabberley DJ, Morton C, Miller CH, Sharma IK, Pfeil BE, Rich S, Hitchcock R, Sykes S, 2009. Male B. tryoni are collected in very large numbers in cue lure traps, which will also trap B. neohumeralis in slightly lower numbers in most of its range (Osborne et al., 1997). and checked for larvae. The larvae then hatch and proceed to consume the fruit, causing the fruit to decay and drop prematurely. World Crop Pests 3(B). (1966a,b) pioneered combined MAT and bait spray in Australian coastal and inland towns and on Easter Island (Bateman et al.,1973; Bateman, 1982). Parasitoid fauna of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni Froggatt (Diptera: Tephritidae) in inland New South Wales, Australia and their potential for use in augmentative biological control. They are active during the day, but mate at night. August 2017, Primefact 1494, third edition . as did the Queensland fruit fly last century. Crop Protection, 36:1-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194, Meats A, Edgerton JE, 2008. Reported Long-Distance Flight of the Invasive Oriental Fruit Fly and Its Trade Implications. B. tryoni was originally described as Tephritis tryoni by Froggatt in 1897 and two little-used synonyms are attributable to Tryon. This is a very serious pest of a wide variety of fruits throughout its range. The eradication of Queensland fruit fly from Easter Island. Their Identification and Bionomics. Postharvest Biology and Technology. CABI is a registered EU trademark. As more and more farmers are turning to insecticide and pesticide free garden management practices, it is necessary to find a safe solution for the fruit fly problem. Trapping Guidelines for area-wide fruit fly programmes. Fruit fly invasions happen around the world, particularly in Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries. Control; classical biological control of fruit-infesting Tephritidae, In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. Most of the data given here are from the host catalogue of Hancock et al. Three Australian tephritid fruit flies (Bactrocera tryoni - Q-fly, Bactrocera neohumeralis - NEO, and Bactrocera jarvisi - JAR) are promising models for genetic studies of pest status and invasiveness. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/responses/qff, Drew RAI, 1982. Southern Bluefin Tuna Aquaculture Subprogram. This was successful and by 1991 Queensland fruit fly had been eradicated from More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Combined with an insecticide it can be impregnated into small caneite blocks or other absorbent material. The biology of dacine fruit flies. Here, we determined the role of temperature versus fruit availability on the population phenology of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni. In: The citrus industry, revised 2nd ed., vol. ("sting"). Isolated population of Bactrocera tryoni. Parasitoids appear to have little effect on the populations of most fruit flies and Fletcher (1987) noted that 0-30% levels of parasitism are typical. There are about 4,500 species of tephritid flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). B. tryoni, the Queensland fruit fly, is the most costly horticultural pest in Australia and has invaded several countries in the surrounding region (White and Elson-Harris, 1994). How natural predators can affect the survival, reproduction and Q-fly con-trol by SIT is still unknown. Would you be able to identify a Queensland fruit fly if it invaded your garden? Josh Byrne. Wing: length 4.8-6.3 mm. IPPC, 2014. by Reuther, W. \Webber, H. J. Population suppression in the Queensland fruit fly, Dacus (Strumeta) tryoni. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. In some places frugivorous birds and rodents can destroy a large percentage of wild fruit that would be otherwise available to fruit flies or may have fruit fly larvae already in them (Drew, 1987). White to yellow-white in colour.Third instar larva The Queensland fruit fly in north Queensland breeds continuously provided suitable fruit is available. Crop Protection, 29(5):462-469. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194, Mabberley DJ, 2000. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. 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Oakeshott, Deborah C.A is … Mexican fruit fly Bactrocera (! An estimated $ 28.5 … Queensland fruit fly could have devastated New Zealand look-out for the same reasons for. Into small caneite blocks or other absorbent material ( Agricultural ) ( =Dacus tryoni Froggatt! Day, but mate at different times of day ( B. tryoni is allopatric from B. in! 63 ( 4 ):467-480, Swingle WT, Reece PT, 1967 progress problems! Pest fruit fly reproductively isolated by mating time classical sense, has never been achieved any... Mediterranean plant Protection Organization of Northcote be strongly phytotoxic due to their habit of laying eggs inside maturing and fruit.
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